• AN UNCOMMON LAND

    A seemingly hostile massif looms almost on the edge of the Cantabrian sea, a sea that contributes the rise of dense fogs on the slopes of the hills...

SERRA DO XISTRAL

A seemingly hostile massif looms almost on the edge of the Cantabrian sea, a sea that contributes the rise of dense fogs on the slopes of the hills. Rain feeds the streams that flow towards different basins and the immense sponge of bogs of A Serra do Xistral. The bogs, together with the Atlantic wet heaths, are the protagonists of these lands whose balance depends on the trinomial: man - livestock - "bestas", that is, wild ponies that graze freely on the slopes of a place that is revealed to us as exceptional, out of the ordinary.

The bogs, together with the Atlantic wet heaths, are the protagonists of these lands whose balance depends on the trinomial: man / livestock / "bestas", that is, wild ponies that graze freely on the slopes of a place that is revealed to us as exceptional , out of the ordinary.

GEOGRAPHICAL SPACE

The territorial scope of A Serra do Xistral, a space included in The Natura 2000 Network, has been declared a protected natural area under the legal figure of a Special Protection Area for Natural Values.

This place has been included in the year 2002 into the core zone of the Terras do Miño Biosphere Reserve.

Most of A Serra do Xistral SAC is occupied by wetlands (including several types of bogs and wet heaths), which account for 61% of the space. Other relevant uses in terms of land occupation are: forest plantations (20%), agricultural areas (12%) and forests (7%).

  • Bogs and wet heaths %
  • Forest plantations %
  • Agricultural areas %
  • Forests %

A Serra do Xistral SAC is a space dominated by private ownership (96%). It is to highlight the high proportion of communal ownership space, these common lands represent 56% of the area of ​​the SAC. The remaining 40% of the private area is individually owned (40%). Public ownership is very minority, representing 4% of A Serra do Xistral SAC.

A Serra do Xistral is included in the so-called "Galician-Asturian mountain ranges". This mountain range has the typical characteristics of an oceanic climate normally marked by the absence of summer droughts and by high annual precipitations. Some summits surpass the altitude of 1000 meters, which added to the big amount of rivers that are born in the mountain range, defines an abrupt orography. These mountains constitute the dividing line between the Cantabrian (Landro, Ouro and Masma) and the Atlantic (Eume) hydrographic basins. The springs of these fluvial systems appear generally associated with bogs, that are their form of natural drainage. Therefore, the state of conservation of these bogs also acquires great importance in terms of the proper development of subsequent river courses. (Source: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/291027358_La_expresion_territorial_de_la_biodiversidad)

I Some summits surpass the altitude of 1000 meters, which added to the big amount of rivers that are born in the mountain range, defines an abrupt orography. These mountains constitute the dividing line between the Cantabrian (Landro, Ouro and Masma) and the Atlantic (Eume) hydrographic basins.